Title: Consecration Series 2: The Service of Consecration
Age: 10 - 18 years
Liturgical Time: Any
Subject: The Service of Consecration, and comparison to baptism and chrismation
Direct Aims: To describe and explain the mechanics and meaning of the Service of Consecration, drawing parallels to the service of Baptism & Chrismation. With younger groups, the emphasis should be on acting out the service, while for older students we should emphasize the meaning and symbolism of the service and its prayers.
Service of the Consecration (text)
Form to submit names for the scroll
“Readings” handout; print one for each student
We often say that a Consecration is like the Baptism and Chrismation of a church. What are the major elements of a baptism and Chrismation? Answers include holy water, oil, prayers, white garment, walking three times around the table, carrying a lit candle (‘newly illumined by the light of Christ’), etc.
Just as baptism means that a person is dedicated to God, the church will be dedicated to God at its consecration. Note: dedicated = ‘set aside’ and technically the meaning of ‘holy’ can be said to be ‘set apart’ or ‘set aside’.
Examining the Service and its Meaning
As we walk through the service, teachers should pause to ask students why we’re doing what we’re doing. For instance, if you read together a supplemental reading from the Readings sheet (prayers, gospel readings) consider together why this particular reading would be used at a Consecration. Ask students which phrases leap out at them, or what reactions they have. Unpack the Scripture readings and prayers as time allows.
The Night Before: The Vigil before the Consecration
- First, before the service starts, we must clear everything oﬀ the Altar Table. It should be uncovered with nothing on it.
- The Metropolitan (or Bishop) enters the Church, bringing the relics of three Saints in a little box called a ‘reliquary’. Ask who the three Martyrs are and remind everyone of their stories.
- The reliquary is placed on a Paten (which is the plate that holds the bread for Holy Communion), and they will sit on the Altar Table overnight, with a Vigil Light.
- The people gather for a short Prayer Service honoring the memory of Martyrs.
The Day of the Consecration: The Service of the Consecration
- The next morning, we gather in the Church, and the Metropolitan will come in and go to the altar. He begins the service: “Blessed is our God, always now and forever, and unto the ages of ages.”
- The Metropolitan will say a prayer about the Holy Martyrs (Reading #1), asking them to pray for us and for God to give us grace, so that we might become more like them.
- The Metropolitan will cense the relics with incense, and then raise them up.
- Now we process out of the Church: ﬁrst the acolytes (altar boys), then the Chanters, the Icon of the church, the priests in order of seniority with the most senior carrying the Holy Gospel, the Metropolitan carrying the Holy Relics upon the Paten, and then all of the people follow.
- Because our church will have a new walkway, we will be able to process with the Metropolitan and the Holy Relics three times around the church. By circling the Church three times, it is like we are drawing a big line around it. We are creating a line around it and declaring that this Church is set apart for God.
- We walk around once chanting Reading #2, then the Metropolitan stops at the doors. He places the relics on a table, and we hear an epistle reading and a gospel reading (Reading #3, Matthew 16: 13-19). Why this gospel? This is the foundation of the Church, the authority passes in Apostolic Succession.
- The Metropolitan picks up the relics (the Martyrs walk with us!) and we walk around a second time. Then the Metropolitan stops at the doors. He places the relics on a table, and we hear an epistle reading and a gospel reading (Reading #4, Luke 10:38-42; 11:27-28). Why this gospel? We are called to consecrate part of our lives, to step away from the business of life to sit at the feet of Christ, just as this Church is to be set aside from busy life and become a place for worship.
- The Metropolitan picks up the relics once again and we walk around a ﬁnal time. Then the Metropolitan stops at the doors. He places the relics on the table, and prays a special prayer for our Church which asks that angels accompany us as we enter (Reading #5).
- Now the Metropolitan will pound on the doors of the Church, so “that the King of Glory may enter in” (Reading #7). This is the dialogue we often do at Great and Holy Pascha, from Psalm 23. Note how our Lord does not force Himself in, but asks that we lift up our gates.
Inside the Church
- Everyone enters the Church, and the Metropolitan takes the Holy Relics to the Altar, where they are placed in a hole in the Holy Altar Table, just as the ﬁrst Altars in the Early Church were the tombs of the Holy Martyrs. These Saints will be our parish’s personal patrons and protectors, interceding on our behalf before the Lord.
- Together with the Saints’ Holy Relics, a Scroll listing the names of all those who pledged as Consecration Godparents and their loved ones will be sealed with them, to reside in this Holy Altar forever. These names will include the names of our community’s founding fathers and mothers, and any names oﬀered in memory of loved ones.
- His Eminence will pour Holy Chrism over the Relics & Scroll to symbolize the union between our Lord and His Martyrs. Over the Holy Relics, he will pour a wax/mastic which contains the sweet-smelling spices used by Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus to anoint the Body of Christ for His burial. He will then apply a marble lid covering, and seal them permanently. The Holy Altar table thus represents the entombed Body of our Lord.
- In Romans 6:8, we read: “Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him....” This reading from the epistle to the Romans is read in the Baptism service, because when we are baptized, we die with Christ so that we may rise with Him. The Holy Relics of Martyred Saints remind us of, and connect us to, this great truth, and to Christ Himself. A Consecration is the “Baptism” of a Church, and in it each of us reaﬃrms our own Baptism, our own dying and living with Christ. Therefore, on the day of Consecration, the Church allows us to be “entombed” with our Lord through the interment of the names of our loved ones, past and present, living (Church Militant) and dead (Church Triumphant).
- Thus, together with the reliquary containing the Holy Relics of the three martyred saints, His Eminence will place a scroll with the names of our loved ones, both those who are living and those who have fallen asleep. In this way, we and our loved ones are forever connected to the Saints, and to Christ, Who is “wondrous” among His Saints (Small Entrance, Divine Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom).
- The Metropolitan’s robes are now covered with a white sheet, and he prepares to clean the Altar. He is given three bars of soap and a basin of water, which he blesses to make it Holy Water, much like the blessing of waters in Baptism. As he cleans, he will chant, three times, “Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Fill me with joy and gladness; let the bones which thou hast broken rejoice.” We recognize these opening words of Psalm 50, the great Psalm of repentance. The chanters will ﬁnish the Psalm as His Eminence continues to work.
- After it is clean, he will make the sign of the cross in water over the Altar three times, as when a person is dunked into the water three times in Baptism.
- He will then make the sign of the cross with oil over the Altar three times, calling out, “Alleluia, alleluia, alleluia!” each time, as when a person is Chrismated. We will read from Psalm 132 (Reading #8), which reminds us that when Aaron was chosen by the Lord and anointed, the oil ﬂowed over him and into his beard! Oil was used to heal wounds and to make dry skin supple, to make food delicious and also burned for light. Therefore, to have an abundance of oil is to be blessed with many good things, from God’s good pleasure (the reason He’s anointing you in the ﬁrst place) to health and plenteous food and to the very light of Christ.
- A cloth with the icons of the four evangelists (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) in each corner is sealed into the Holy Altar with wax. They are in each of the four corners, just as they are in the four corners of our dome, as their Holy Gospels have gone out to all the ends of the universe.
- The Holy Altar is now covered with a new white cloth, like the new white garment which is worn by the newly illumined (baptized and Chrismated) person, and then with an outer cloth as well. As the Altar is enrobed, we read Psalm 92 (Reading #9).
- The Metropolitan censes the Holy Altar and the Church.
- His Eminence will Chrismate the icons and the building, carrying a reed to the tip of which has been bound a sponge dipped in holy Chrism, he draws the monogram of Christ in the apse of the Sanctuary, on the four columns and on the lintel of the door of the Church on the inside.
- Finally, at the conclusion of the service, His Eminence Metropolitan Isaiah will bring to all the faithful the Vigil Light, an oil lamp or kandili, from the Holy Altar. This light reminds us of the unfailing light of our Transﬁgured Christ in His Holy Resurrection, and of the candle that a newly Baptized & Chrismated person carries.
After we have all oﬀered our oil to the holy vigil lamp, we will begin the celebration of the Divine Liturgy.
To ﬁnish up, you might recap the elements of Baptism and Chrismation that match up to elements of the Consecration:
Circle the table three times Circle the church three times
Holy Water Holy Water
Dipped three times Poured three times
Oil for Chrism Oil for Chrism
Painting crosses on all parts of body Painting crosses on all parts of church
Priest covered in white sheet Metropolitan covered in white sheet
Person wears white garment Altar wears white tablecloth
Carry the lit candle Bring out the lit vigil lamp;
Now you are set aside for God Now you are set aside for God
Pass out forms to solicit names for the Scroll, and collect them for submission.
Prepared by Elissa Bjeletich 2016